CVonline: Applications


General Application Notes

  1. Agricultural (Plant) / Forestry
    1. Crop Quality Inspection
    2. Crop Treatment/Weed Classification and Control
    3. Aquaponic/Hydroponic
      1. Disease Detection and Diagnosis
    4. Field crops
      1. Chlorophyll Content Prediction
      2. Crop Health / Disease Analysis
        1. Biotic Stress Estimation
        2. Cereal/Grain Inspection
        3. Corn Ear Inspection
        4. Leaf Disease Analysis
        5. Rice Grain Classification / Disease Diagnosis
      3. Crop Row Detection
      4. Damaged Crop Detection
      5. Flower Detection / Counting
      6. Harvest Control
      7. Precision Agriculture
      8. Soil Nutrient Analysis
      9. Agricultural Spray Pattern Analysis
      10. Volunteer Plant Detection
      11. Weed Detection
      12. Wetness Estimation
      13. Yield Estimation
    5. Forest Survey/Tree Crown counting (See also Fire detection)
    6. Fruit
      1. Crop Yield Estimation
      2. Fruit Detection / Location
      3. Fruit Grading
      4. Olive Oil Quality Assessment
      5. Orchard Tree Counting
      6. Ripeness Estimation
        1. Mangoes
        2. Strawberries
    7. Harvest Scheduling
    8. Hyperspectral plant and soil analysis
    9. Land Management
    10. Plant disease and parasite identification, Mildew and fungus detection
    11. Plant Health / Condition Monitoring / Plant stress analysis
    12. Pollen Identification
    13. Timber/Log/Wood
      1. Disease identification, e.g. Dutch Elm
      2. Yield Prediction
  2. Animal Image Analysis
    1. Species Identification
    2. Aquatic animals/fish
      1. Age Analysis
      2. Detection, tracking, species classification, and abundance estimation
      3. Freshness Analysis
      4. Shape Modeling, Tracking and Counting
      5. Whale identification
    3. Flying animals/insects
      1. Counting
      2. Greenhouse Monitoring
      3. Tracking and Behaviour Analysis
    4. Land animals
      1. Animal Detection, Tracking and Counting
      2. Animal Behavior
        1. Flock Tracking
        2. Lameness Detection
        3. Mouse and Rat Behavior
        4. Pig Behavior
      3. Animal Identification / Re-identification
        1. Cow Identification
        2. Dog Identification
        3. Panda Identification
        4. Zebra Identification
      4. Free-range Animal Distribution Monitoring
      5. Meat yield prediction
        1. Chicken
      6. Pregnant Animal Monitoring
  3. Architectural/Construction
    1. Archeological Applications
    2. Building Description
    3. Building Site Survey
    4. Building Recognition
    5. Concrete Crack Detection
    6. Sewer Survey
  4. Character Recognition (Printed and Handwritten)
    1. Arabic (modern)
    2. Arabic (handwritten)
    3. Bengali
    4. Chinese
    5. Farsi (Persian) Character Recognition
    6. Ethiopic Character Recognition
    7. Gujarati Character Recognition
    8. Indic character recognition
    9. Japanese
    10. Korean
    11. Roman Letters
      1. Cursive
      2. Hand Printed
      3. Machine Printed
    12. South Indian (Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada) Character Recognition
    13. Slant Normalization
    14. Western (aka Arabic) Digits
  5. Commercial Applications
    1. Advertising
    2. Bank Checks
    3. Banknote Inspection
    4. Bar-Code Reading
    5. Coin Authentication
    6. Currency Verification and Recognition
    7. Seal Verification
    8. Shopping Checkout Monitoring
    9. Vegetable Recognition/Veggie Vision
  6. Cultural / Heritage
    1. Architectural Fragment Reconstruction
    2. Cultural Heritage Modelling and Analysis
    3. Dance Description
    4. Fresco Reconstruction
    5. Matching Ostraca / Potshard Writing Surfaces
    6. Painting Authentication, Style Description, Style Transfer, and Similiarity Matching
    7. Pottery Shard Classification
  7. Document Processing
    1. Diagram Understanding
      1. Blueprints
      2. Cartoons/Sketches
      3. Electronic Circuits
      4. Floor Plan Analysis
      5. Map Analysis
      6. Music Scores
    2. Document Mosaicing
    3. Equation Understanding
    4. Form and Layout Understanding
    5. Handwritten Note Cleaning/Letter Analysis
    6. Historical Document Transcription
    7. Post Code Recognition
    8. Post Metering Analysis
    9. Signature/Writer Verification
    10. Skew Correction
    11. Trademark Database Indexing
    12. Watermark Extraction
  8. Entertainment/Media Industry
    1. Augmented Reality/Mixed Reality
      1. Registration
      2. Virtual Sets
    2. Color Processing
      1. Color Demosaicing
      2. Color Matching
      3. Image Dehazing / Fog Removel
      4. Decoloring/optimal color to grey conversion
    3. Computer Games
      1. Player Adaptation/Insertion
    4. Mobile Phone
      1. Word Detection and Translation
    5. Video
      1. Coding
      2. Compression (See also Image Compression)
      3. Copyrighted symbol detection
      4. Cut Detection/Scene Segmentation
      5. Databases
      6. Post-Production
      7. Text Detection, word detection
      8. Video Copy/Duplicate Detection
      9. Video Digitization
      10. Video Inpainting
      11. Video Transition Effect Detection
  9. Environmental Analysis/Monitoring
    1. Lake, Reservior, and River Height Assessment
    2. Oil Spill Analysis
  10. Forensic
    1. Blind Image Forensics
      1. Tampering Detection
      2. Deepfake Detection
    2. Crime Scene Reconstruction
    3. Face Indexing and Identification (See also Person Authentication and Identification)
    4. Fingerprints
      1. Fingerprint Indexing and Identification
      2. Fingerprint Liveness Assessment
    5. Shoeprint Recognition
    6. Smartphone Image Acquisition Forensics
  11. Human
    1. Biometrics
      1. Age progression
      2. Cancellable Biometrics
      3. Celebrity Recognition (See also Person Authentication and Identification)
      4. ECG Biometric Recognition
      5. Eye Sclera (white) vasculature pattern
      6. Face-based Kinship Inference
      7. Finger Vein/Capillary Pattern
      8. Gait Analysis and Walker Identification
      9. Hand Geometry
      10. Handwriting Recognition
      11. Kinship Verification
      12. Knuckleprint Recognition
      13. Lip Shape Recognition
      14. Liveness Assessment
      15. Nose Shape Recognition
      16. Palm Print Verification
      17. Physical Quantification: age, beardedness
      18. Psychological Quantification: smileness, honesty, pain
      19. Retinal Patterns
      20. Signature Identification and Verification
      21. Tongueprint
      22. Tooth Fillings (xray)
    2. Body
      1. Abdominal Fat Estimation
      2. Behavior Analysis
        1. Abnormal Behavior Detection
        2. Assembly Activity Recognition
        3. Activity Classification
          1. Untrimmed Videos
        4. Daily Living Activity (ADL) Recognition
        5. Eating Recognition
        6. Exercise Recognition and Evaluation
        7. Falling and Slipping Recognition
        8. Fighting Detection
        9. Inter-person Interaction Understanding
        10. Kitchen Activity Recognition
        11. Motion Quality Assessment (see also Sports)
        12. Sport Activity Classification (see also Sports)
      3. Detection
        1. Group Detection
        2. Part-Based Person Detection
        3. Pornography Detection
        4. Silhouette Segmentation
        5. Whole Body Detection
      4. Gender Recognition
      5. Model Acquisition and Animation
      6. Motion Tracking
      7. Movement Analysis and Shape Recovery
        1. Appearance Based Approaches
          1. Articulated
          2. Exemplar Based
        2. Data Acquisition
          1. Multi-View
          2. Single View
        3. Geometric Model Based Approaches
          1. 2D Articulated
          2. 3D Articulated
          3. Exemplar Based
          4. Loose Models
          5. Marker Based
          6. Pose Tracking
          7. Poselets
          8. Skeleton-based
        4. Pose Estimation
          1. Joint-Angle Estimation
          2. Posture Estimation
      8. Person Location/Counting/Following
      9. Posture Analysis
      10. Tattoo Retrieval
    3. Feet
      1. Foot Scanning/Shape Analysis
    4. Hands
      1. Gesture Detection and Analysis
      2. Hand Sign Recognition
      3. Location and Tracking
    5. Heads and Faces
      1. Age estimation
      2. Age Progression
      3. Attractiveness estimation
      4. Detection, Location and Tracking
      5. Encoding and Compression
      6. Expression Understanding
        1. Micro-Expression Recognition
      7. Eyes
        1. Eye Blink State Detection
        2. Eye Location / Tracking
      8. Feature Location and Tracking
      9. Gaze Location, Direction Estimation and Tracking
      10. Gender/Ethnicity Recognition
      11. Lip Shape Analysis, Tracking and Reading
      12. Model Acquisition and Animation
        1. 3D Face Reconstruction
        2. Baby Face Reconstruction
        3. Uncalibrated Face Reconstruction
      13. Skin Detection and Color Analysis (See also TSL color space)
      14. Smile detection
      15. Speech Emotion Recognition
  12. Human-Computer Interfaces
    1. Assistive Interfaces
      1. Blind/Visually Impaired Person Support
      2. Elderly Falling Detection
      3. Elderly Forgetfulness Assistance
      4. Visual Mouse
    2. Game Interfaces
  13. Image and Video Enhancement and Restoration (See also Noise Reduction and Image Restoration)
    1. Camera Motion Compensation/De-jittering
    2. Color Correction
    3. Color Transfer
    4. Focus Blurring Correction
    5. Image Region Completion / Inpainting
    6. Motion Deblurring
    7. Nighttime / Dark Image / Video Enhancement
    8. Object Removal
      1. Fog / Haze Removal
      2. Illumination Artifact Removal
      3. Raindrop Removal
      4. Scratch and Streak Removal
      5. Watermark Removal
    9. Prettification
    10. Red Eye Detection and Correction
    11. Restoration Quality Assessment
    12. Stabilization
      1. Image and Sequence Stabilization
      2. Binocular Image Stabilization
    13. Style Transfer
    14. Temporal Resampling
    15. Video Restoration
  14. Industrial
    1. Employee Monitoring
      1. Alertness Monitoring (See also Driver Alertness/Fatigue Monitoring)
      2. Unsafe / Restricted Area Monitoring
    2. Factory Automation
      1. Assembly Feedback
    3. Food Manufacture
    4. Inspection
      1. Carpet
      2. Ceramics
      3. Disk Head
      4. Damage Quantification
      5. Glass and Transparent Materials
        1. Absorption Defects
        2. Scattering Defects
      6. Industrial Parts/Castings
      7. Integrated Circuits
        1. Appearance Based
        2. Range Data Based
        3. Missing Component Detection
      8. LCD/Plasma/TFT Display Inspection
      9. Leather
      10. Paper/Recycled Paper
      11. Particle Counting
      12. Pharmaceutical Tablet Inspection
      13. Printed Circuit Boards
      14. Slate Tiles
      15. Solder Joints
      16. Steel
      17. Structural Strain
      18. Structural Crack Detection
      19. Tea Inspection
      20. Textiles/Fabrics/Cloth
      21. Timber/Wood (See Forestry->Timber)
    5. Part Pose Estimation
    6. Part Recognition
    7. Particle Counting
    8. Process Control
      1. Paint Spraying
      2. Robot control and feedback
      3. Weld Seam Tracking
      4. Wood Use/Timber Cutting (See Forestry->Timber)
    9. Reverse Engineering
      1. Reverse Engineering from Diagrams
      2. From Motion
      3. Reverse Engineering from Object Contours
      4. From Range Data
      5. From Single Views
      6. From Sparse 3D
    10. Tool Wear Assessment
  15. Leisure and Entertainment
  16. Measurement
    1. Geometric Morphometrics
  17. Medical (Veterinary and Human)
    1. Animal Disease and Parasite Identification
    2. Color or Hyperspectral Intensity Image Based
      1. Bacterial Infection Classification
      2. Breast Thermogram Image Analysis
      3. Capsule Endoscopy Image Analysis
      4. Colposcopy/Cervical Abnormality
      5. Facial Paralysis Anaysis
      6. Laryngeal Image Analysis
      7. Pain Quantification
      8. Photoplethysmography Blood Pulse Monitoring
      9. Retinal Images
        1. Blood vessel detection
          1. Diabetes assessment
          2. Tortuosity estimation (hypertension)
        2. Lesion detection
        3. Macular degeneration assessment
        4. Optic disk segmentation
      10. Skin Analysis, including Cancer
      11. Surgical Instrument Detection
    3. Microscope-Based
      1. Cell Nucleus Segmentation
      2. Bone Marrow Cell Detection and Classification
      3. Chromosome Analysis
      4. HEp-2 cell classification
      5. Histopathology Classification
      6. Immunofluorescence Image Analysis
      7. Lymphoma Analysis
      8. Malaria Parasitaemia Quantification
      9. Parasite Detection and Classification
      10. White Blood Cell Classification
    4. Multi-Mode/Multi-Image Registration and Fusion
    5. Scanner-Based
      1. Abdominal Organ Extraction
      2. Aneurysm Detection
      3. Arterial Tree Segmentation
      4. Autism Spectrum Disorder Classification (fMRI)
      5. Bone Detection and Segmentation
      6. Brain Age Estimation
      7. Brain Section Segmentation
      8. Bronchial Tree Extraction
      9. Cardiac Shape Extraction and Tracking
      10. Cartilage Analysis
      11. Cervical, Spinal and Lumbar Vertabral Analysis
      12. Cochlear Image Segmentation
      13. Colorectal Polyp Detection
      14. Cortical Shape Extraction
      15. Femur and Pelvis Segmentation
      16. fMRI Brain Analysis
      17. Hippocampal and Amygdala Segmentation
      18. Limb Extraction
      19. Microaneurysm Detection
      20. Mid-saggital Plane Detection
      21. Movement Compensation
        1. Beating Heart
        2. Respiration
      22. Multiple Sclerosis Lesion Segmentation
      23. Muscle Fiber Orientation Tracking
      24. Prostate Segmentation and cancer detection
      25. Pulmonary nodule detection
      26. Radiotherapy Planning
      27. Real-time Surgical Support
      28. Spleen and Liver Segmentation
      29. Stroke Type Classification
      30. Structure Extraction
      31. Tumor Detection
      32. Virtual Endoscopy
    6. Ultrasound/echocardiography-based
      1. Artery/vein wall thickness estimation
      2. 3D Reconstruction
      3. Blood Flow Monitoring
      4. Cardiac ejection fraction estimation
      5. Cardiac Monitoring
      6. Carotid Artery Analysis
      7. Fetal Monitoring
      8. Liver cirrhosis analysis
      9. Molar pregnancy detection
      10. Ovarian
    7. Xray-based
      1. Angiography
      2. Bone Densitometry
      3. Breast Scan/Mammogram
      4. Covid Detection
      5. Femur Fracture Classification
      6. General Tumor Detection
      7. Lung Segmentation and Analysis
      8. Skeletal Age Estimation
    8. Other
      1. Atlas-based Registration and Segmentation
      2. Bone Loss Assessment
      3. Deformable Biological Shape Models
      4. Dental Impression Analysis
      5. DNA/Genome Analysis
      6. Fetal Surgery
      7. Hand-washing monitoring
      8. Optical Coherence Tomography
      9. Placental Maturity Staging
      10. Skeletal Scintigraphy
  18. Meteorological
    1. Cyclone/Hurricane Detection
    2. Weather Classification
  19. Military
    1. Aircraft Detection, Identification, Tracking
    2. Camouflaged Object Detection
    3. Landmine Detection
    4. Missile Detection and Tracking
    5. Target Recognition/Tracking
    6. Vehicle Detection
  20. Navigation, Mobility and Vehicle Control
    1. Docking Control
    2. Ground Tracking and Following
    3. Local Traffic Analysis
    4. Location Recognition
    5. Map Registration and Self-Localization
      1. Appearance Based
      2. Intensity Feature-Based
      3. Landmark Detection
      4. Radar/Range Sensing/acoustic
    6. Obstacle Detection and Avoidance
    7. Road Following
    8. Trajectory Correction
    9. Vehicle Control
  21. Remote Sensing
    1. Airport Analysis, Landing Strip Identification
    2. Change Detection (See also Change and Moving Object Detection)
      1. RGB / Hyperspectral Image Based
      2. SAR Image Based
    3. Cloud Identification/Tracking
    4. Crop/Land-Use Identification, Segmentation, and Survey
    5. Drainage Network Analysis
    6. Flood Area Analysis
    7. Forests and Trees
      1. Counting
      2. Forest Fire Detection
      3. Thinning Assessment
    8. Hyperspectral image analysis
    9. Image-to-Map Registration
    10. Material Classification
    11. Multiple Scan Registration
    12. Parking Lot / Car Park Usage
    13. Photogrammetry
    14. Remote Object Detection
      1. Boat Detection
      2. Body Detection
      3. Building Detection
      4. Power Line Detection and Inspection
      5. Road Detection, Extraction and Matching
      6. Sea Ice Detection
      7. Small Object Detection (Superresolution)
    15. Sea/Ocean Wave Analysis
    16. Ship/Seaport Analysis
    17. Terrain Analysis and Understanding
    18. Urban Structure Classification
  22. Robotics
    1. Robot Localization
      1. Floor Plan Extraction
      2. Marker Based
      3. Omni-directional Cameras
      4. SLAM Based
      5. Visual Servoing
    2. Robot Motion Control
      1. Docking
      2. Obstacle Avoidance
      3. Path Following
    3. Robo-Cup Soccer Analysis
  23. Scientific
    1. Astronomical
      1. Aurora Image Analysis
      2. Coronal Event Analysis
      3. Cosmic Microwave Cold Spot Detection
      4. Galaxy detection and shape analysis
      5. Solar Flare Detection
      6. Star Catalog
      7. Star detection and analysis
    2. Biological (See also Microscope-based medical image analysis)
      1. Bird Classification
      2. Butterfly and Moth Classification
      3. Fungi Classification
      4. Gel Electrophoresis Image Segmentation
      5. Leaf and Leaf Vein Identification
      6. Microarray Data Classification
      7. Plankton Classification
      8. Plant Phenotyping
      9. Plant Species Identification
      10. Root System Analysis
    3. Metallurgical Crystal Analysis
    4. Physics
      1. Particle Tracking
    5. Protein Folding Recognition
  24. Safety, Security, and Surveillance
    1. Car Park Surveillance
    2. Change Detection (See Change and Moving Object Detection)
    3. Flame and Fire Detection
    4. Metal Detection
    5. Multi-Camera Networks
    6. People
      1. Anomalous Behavior Detection
      2. Crowd Counting
      3. Crowd Behavior Analysis
      4. Egocentric Action Recognition
      5. Intruder Detection and Tracking
      6. Normal Action Recognition
      7. Pedestrian Surveillance
      8. Person Authentication and Identification
        1. 3D Data Methods
        2. Color Texture Methods
        3. Database Retrieval
        4. Ear detection
        5. Ear Recognition
        6. Eigenface/Laplacianface Methods
        7. Frontal
        8. Intensity Texture Methods
        9. Iris Segmentation and Recognition
        10. Liveness Detection
        11. Model Based Methods
        12. Motion-Based Recognition
        13. Periocular Face Recognition
        14. Profile
        15. Spoofing Detection
      9. People Counting
      10. Person Re-identification
    7. Queue Analysis
    8. Steam and Smoke Detection
    9. Surveillance Prioritization
    10. Workflow Verification and Monitoring
    11. Vehicle Re-identification
  25. Sports
    1. Boxing Punch Analysis
    2. Cricket Swing Analysis
    3. Diving Analysis
    4. Event Detection/analysis
    5. Football/Soccer Player Tracking
    6. Golf Swing Analysis
    7. Gymnastic Analysis
    8. Play Annotation
    9. Spectator Analysis
    10. Swimming Analysis
    11. Tennis Swing and Movement Analysis
  26. Traffic and Transport
    1. Aerial
      1. Airport Monitoring
      2. UAV detection and tracking
      3. UAV landing zone detection
    2. Automotive
      1. ADAS - Autonomous Driving Assistance System
      2. Blind Spot Monitoring
      3. Curb/Kerb and Step Detection
      4. Driver Alertness/Fatigue Monitoring (See also Employee Alertness Monitoring)
      5. Fog Detection
      6. Driver Support
      7. Driving Event Detection and Classification
      8. Other Vehicle Detection and Behavior Analysis
      9. Obstacle Detection
      10. Passing/Overtaking Detection
      11. Pedestrian Detection
      12. Road Sign Identification
      13. Traffic light detection and analysis
    3. Passenger counting and waiting analysis
    4. Passenger monitoring
    5. Railroad Analysis
    6. Road Structure Analysis
      1. Pothole Detection
      2. Road and Pavement/Sidewalk Crack Analysis
      3. Road Lane Detection
    7. Seaport Monitoring
    8. Tunnel Inspection
    9. Traffic Analysis
    10. Vehicle Detection, Recognition, Monitoring and Tracking
      1. Auto-Rickshaw / Rickshaw
      2. Bicycle
      3. Bus
      4. Car
      5. Motorcycle
      6. Truck / Lorry
      7. Other (scooter, rollerskates)
    11. Vehicle License/Number Plate Analysis
    12. Vehicle Model Identification
    13. Visual Navigation and Odometry
    14. Visual Place / Location Recognition
  27. Virtual Reality
    1. Architectural Model Construction (see Architectural/Construction Model Reconstruction)
    2. Object Model Construction
    3. VR from Intensity Data
    4. VR from Range Data
  28. Vision and Language
    1. Captioning
    2. Sports Summarization
    3. Text Detection in Video
    4. Visual Question Answering
  29. Other
    1. Calibration Target Detection and Mark Extraction
    2. Clothing Shape Understanding and Recognition
    3. Food Nutrition Content Prediction
    4. Food Recognition
    5. Garment motion analysis
    6. Image Mosaicing
    7. Image Stitching
    8. QR code detection and recognition
    9. Steganography/Information Hiding
    10. Texture Synthesis
    11. Underwater Image Analysis
    12. Underwater Color Image Restoration
    13. Video Sequence Synchronization
    14. Video Temporal Resampling

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