The standard set of parameters required to define a CCD camera are;
In order to define a stereo camera system two such sets of parameters are required (one for each camera L and R) together with additional parameters describing the between camera transformation which is best described using a minimum of six degrees of freedom. For this we use the last three parameters of the quaternion where describing the camera rotation, ( the last free parameter is recovered from the normalisation constraint ), plus the interoccular separation I plus two components of the translation direction vector .
However, the relatively simple geometric behaviour of an SEM stereo system makes it possible to describe the allowable epi-polar geometry in terms of a small number of free parameters:
Using a two-dimensional Hough technique, candidate matches from a stereo corner matcher (Figure 11a) can be used to identify the remaining degrees of freedom (Figure 10). The final set of matches which are consistent with this solution are shown in Figure 11b.
Figure 10: Output from the Hough matcher
Figure 11: Reprojected candidate matches a) before b) after hough filtering
The authors would like to thank A.Hill, A.Brett and J.Schumm for their help with the LaTeX.